The Harlot Sisters – A Study of the X-Rated Story in Ezekiel 23

Chances are that most people have not read or heard about the story in Ezekiel, chapter 23. This is one of those “X-rated” chapters of the Bible, which may be occasionally referred to, but never read in church. It is a dire but foretelling story showing that God has a great deal of patience and will give you many chances, but sooner or later, without any repentance, he will eventually remove his protection and let you suffer the consequences of your actions.

Ezekiel was one of several prophets sent by God to bring the Hebrews to their senses, as they continually failed to follow his rules. Ezekiel 23, is our study and you should read all 49 verses for the thought-provoking and gory details. It is filled with vivid imagery of both sexual and violent natures.

Who were these sisters?

Although there is harsh language, the story is allegorical and symbolizes the division of the Israelites into northern and southern kingdoms (also known as houses)1 and expresses God’s intense anger at their disregard for his laws. “From the divine viewpoint, the division was a judgment on not keeping God’s commands, specifically the commands prohibiting idolatry. From a human viewpoint, the division was the result of tribal discord and political unrest.”2 To illustrate their unfaithfulness, they are compared to two promiscuous sisters: Oholah and Oholibah.

The story starts off with the prophet Ezekiel explaining a message he received: “The word of the LORD came to me: ‘Mortal, there were two women, the daughters of one mother; they played the whore in Egypt; they played the whore in their youth; their breasts were caressed there, and their virgin bosoms were fondled. Oholah was the name of the elder and Oholibah the name of her sister. They became mine, and they bore sons and daughters,’” (Ezekiel 23:1-4a, NRSV).3

Oholah (the elder sister), whose name means “her tent,” symbolizes Samaria (the capital of Israel) in the north, which consisted of ten tribes of Israelites. Oholibah (the younger sister), whose name means “my [God’s] tent in her,” symbolizes Jerusalem (the capital of Judah) in the south, which consisted of two tribes of Israelites.

“Whether or not ‘tent’ has anything to do with the tent as sanctuary is not clear.”4 And if there is any other significant meaning of the sisters’ similar names, the reason has been long lost, although that doesn’t keep some commentators from making some wild assumptions.

As indicated by the above scripture, our LORD pictures the cities of Samaria and Jerusalem as harlots who have abandoned their husband (God) and prostituted themselves to others. As we will see, what started as just trysts in their youth later turns into tragedy.5 Their prostitution offense was for both sexual and spiritual infidelity.

One sister was most wicked.

Oholah is accused of adultery with Assyrian soldiers and the worship of their pagan deities and making sacrifices to them. The Hebrew prophets frequently compared the sin of idolatry to the sin of adultery.6 Such choice metaphors were highly appropriate because God’s people were quite literally prostituting themselves by involvement with gods whose priests and priestesses offered sacramental sex to all.7 So, God punishes her for her lust by giving her over to Assyrian control—they strip her naked, take her children, and kill her (Ezekiel 23:5-10).

Now her sister, Oholibah, was even more corrupt and couldn’t seem to keep her attentions away from any man in uniform; she viewed the enticing carvings on the walls and buildings of the city with lust in her heart. She disregards her sister’s tragedy and continues her whoring with the Assyrians and, worse yet, with the Babylonians, as well. God abandons her in disgust, but she continues her whoring (Ezekiel 23:11-21). Finally, God proclaims that he will send soldiers to conquer and disfigure her, taking her children, and burning her people (Ezekiel 23:22-35).8

So much was the disgust of Oholibah that God spoke saying, “she increased her whorings, remembering the days of her youth, when she played the whore in the land of Egypt and lusted after her paramours there, whose members were like those of donkeys, and whose emission was like that of stallions. Thus you longed for the lewdness of your youth, when the Egyptians fondled your bosom and caressed your young breasts,” (Ezekiel 23:19-21).

“Members,” as used above, are a euphemism for penises.9 Concerning the seminal10 emission or ejaculating imagery, it is noteworthy to mention that the horse was the hieroglyph that Egyptians used for a lustful person.11 Verse 20, in the Complete Jewish Bible, states, “Yes, she lusted after their male prostitutes, whose members [genitals] are like those of donkeys and who ejaculate like stallions,” (Ezekiel 23:20, CJB).12

God predicts what will happen. The Babylonians and Chaldeans, as inflicters of judgements, would come against Oholibab and the punishment is described as brutally severe. “They shall cut off your nose and your ears, and your survivors shall fall by the sword. They shall seize your sons and your daughters, and your survivors shall be devoured by fire. They shall also strip you of your clothes and take away your fine jewels,” (Ezekiel 23:25-26). “How just the retribution, that the features most bejewelled should be mutilated!”13

God then orders Ezekiel to announce this judgment to Oholibah, and accuses the Judahites of committing adultery by worshiping idols and practicing child sacrifice, polluting the temple and desecrating the Sabbath by simultaneously worshiping the God of Israel and idols of other gods, too. God compares this to prostitution and calls for their punishment (Ezekiel 23:36-49).14

“Both were harlot sisters, but Judah was worse than the house of Israel. Both houses worshiped idols all the way from Egypt. The house of Israel was divorced from God and sent into captivity by the Assyrians and later the house of Judah was sent into Babylonian captivity and their descendants destroyed . . . .”15

Conclusion & Implications

There is a little known song about Oholah and Oholibah by an American rock group ‘Gordon Gano and the Ryans.’ A link to an audio recording of the song is included in the References & Notes at the end of this article.16 A selection from the lyrics follows.

Your breasts were pressed and squeezed of truth
Thus you long for the lewdness of your youth
But all in vain
You’re a drunken shame

You played the harlot in your youth
I will slay your scarlet hands with truth
The word of the Lord
You’ll fall by the sword

“The lesson of the sad story of Oholah and Oholibah is that God is a jealous God who punishes those who turn their backs on Him and chase after idols. Though God is patient and long-suffering, eventually His judgment falls on the unfaithful. We reap what we sow.”17 “Do not be deceived; God is not mocked, for you reap whatever you sow. If you sow to your own flesh, you will reap corruption from the flesh; but if you sow to the Spirit, you will reap eternal life from the Spirit,” (Galatians 6:7-8).

I live in the United States and I know a great many of its people, including those in government, have forsaken God. Even many who continue to go to church are Christians in name only. They attend services on Sunday, but are blinded by the evil god of this world—the devil—during the rest of the week.

The increase in evil is very evident when laws are passed to protect depraved practices and people are encouraged by satanic forces to accept immorality and iniquity into the culture: homosexuality, transgenderism, pornography, pedophilia, breaking up the family unit, abortion, racial and political division, drugs. And what about the creation and worship of other gods, such as individuals in the movie, television, music, and sports industries? I’m sure you can think of many more. Our world is headed into darkness—our moral structure is being torn apart.

As I said in the beginning of this article, God has a great deal of patience and will give his people many chances, but sooner or later, without evidence of any repentance, he will eventually remove his protection and all involved will suffer the consequences of their actions. I’m afraid he will do this to the United States, and probably many other nations, too. His actions will be justified when he does. Let us pray for our nations to return to God before it is too late.

I should now add that there is good news, too. God does indicate, later in the book of Ezekiel, a vision for a restoration in a future new world, where the tribes of Israel can live once again. Our LORD, in his mercy, will always provide a chance for redemption, if chosen before time runs out.

Copyright © 2019, Dr. Ray Hermann

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References & Notes

  1. Note: Two House Theology primarily focuses on the division of the ancient United Monarchy of Israel into two kingdoms, Israel and Judah. Two House Theology raises questions when applied to modern peoples who are thought to be descendants of the two ancient kingdoms, both Jews (of the Kingdom of Judah) and the ten lost tribes of the Kingdom of Israel. The phrase “the two houses of Israel” is found in Isaiah 8:14.
    “Two House theology,” (Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 2 August 2019),
  2. “Why was Israel divided into the Southern Kingdom and Northern Kingdom?” (Got Questions Ministries, 26 July 2019),
  3. Unless otherwise noted, scripture quotations are from the New Revised Standard Version Bible (NRSV), ©1989 the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
  4. Hamilton, Victor P., “Ezekiel,” in Evangelical Commentary on the Bible, Baker Reference Library, (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1995), vol. 3, p. 575.
  5. Ibid.
  6. “Oholah and Oholibah,” (Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 10 June 2019),
  7. Akerley, Ben Edward, The X-Rated Bible: An Irreverent Survey of Sex in the Scriptures, (Venice, CA: Feral House, 1998), p. 108.
  8. “Ezekiel 23,” (Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 9 July 2019),
  9. בָּשָׂרmember : flesh; male organ of generation (euphemism).
    Whitaker, Richard, et al., The Abridged Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew-English Lexicon of the Old Testament, based on the lexicon of Wilhelm Gesenius, (Boston; New York: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1906).
  10. seminal : (adjective) of, relating to, or consisting of seed or semen
    Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, 11th ed., (Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, Inc., 2003).
  11. Jamieson, Robert A., Fausset, R., and Brown, David, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, (Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc., 1997), vol. 1, p. 596.
  12. Stern, David H., Complete Jewish Bible: An English Version of the Tanakh (Old Testament) and B’rit Hadashah (New Testament), 1st ed. (Clarksville, MD: Jewish New Testament Publications, 1998).
  13. Jamieson, Robert A., Fausset, R., and Brown, David, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, (Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc., 1997), vol. 1, p. 596.
  14. Ibid.
  15. McRay, Ron, “Oholah and Oholibah,” (Eschatology Review, 2 August 2013),
  16. “Oholah Oholibah,” song by Gordon Gano and the Ryans, (CD & LP title: Under the Sun; Label: Yep Roc; released 15 September 2009; Writers: Gordon Gano, William Ryan, Brendan Ryan), [WARNING: SOME RAW LANGUAGE], AUDIO ONLY –
    Video available (Sophia’s Rock Beat), recorded live, but sound is not very good:
  17. “Who are Oholah and Oholibah in the Bible?” (Got Questions Ministries, 26 July 2019),
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8 thoughts on “The Harlot Sisters – A Study of the X-Rated Story in Ezekiel 23”

  1. This is a great study and I not only learned new facts but also a new perspective. I had read that story more than a few times over the years and never did get the real meaning of verse 20. Of course I was always reading in the KJV. I’ll see this story differently from now on. A question if you please. What is the meaning of cutting off your nose and ears in verse 25.

    • Thank you for your nice comment and I’m happy you gained new insight from this article. About the “nose and ears,” its meaning is explicit. According to Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, adulteresses were punished in this way by the Egyptians and Chaldeans. Such women as Oholah and Oholibah wore ornaments in the nose and ears.*

      *Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, (Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc., 1997), vol. 1, p. 596.

      • Question? In India ring to ear meant engaged and an earring in left nose meant marriage. The Africans wore rings in noses as well. Uncertain as to why. Could you elaborate ON ADORNMENT &

        • There are several verses concerning adornment of women. The one that comes to mind is 1 Timothy 2:9-10. The New Living Translation says, “And I want women to be modest in their appearance. They should wear decent and appropriate clothing and not draw attention to themselves by the way they fix their hair or by wearing gold or pearls or expensive clothes. For women who claim to be devoted to God should make themselves attractive by the good things they do.” Of course, customs and cultures change over time. Today, basically I guess, dress and use jewelry appropriate and modest for the occasion.

    • The Bible speaks of a sweet SMELLN aroma,because of defilement was the air polluted with sin? Also, the Bible speaks of people being deaf to the word of G-D. Did HaShem cut off Israel & Judah because of their sinful nature??

      • Well, take 2 Corinthians 2:15 for instance. In the NIV it says, “For we are to God the pleasing aroma of Christ among those who are being saved and those who are perishing.” But in the Good News Translation, it says, “For we are like a sweet-smelling incense offered by Christ to God, which spreads among those who are being saved and those who are being lost.” Paul was referring to himself and his followers, meaning his life was a sacrificial offering pleasing to God. He was both accepted by some and rejected by others.

        About Judah and Israel, HaShem (title of God used in Judaism [name=Tetragrammaton]) did cut off and exiled the ten tribes of Israel. Judah was later conquered by the Babylonians.


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